This article was first published in 2005.
In the first of this two-part series we started testing a group of 10
second-hand OE pumps suitable for Do-It-Yourself IC water spray
set-ups. Now it’s time to check out the remaining pumps, summarise the results
and name our winner!
Windscreen Washer Pump Test Results (Cont.)...
1970 Mercedes 250
This is the first European pump of the test – and it’s a good ‘un.
The old Mercedes pump aces many of its younger rivals by generating 34 psi
maximum outlet pressure (while connected to a Spraying Systems nozzle and
operating at our 14.2V test voltage). Slogging away at 34 psi, this pump flows
225ml of water per minute. Peak current draw is 5.5 amps on start-up and 3.1
Manufactured by Hella, this old-school looking pump is around 70mm tall and
30mm diameter. The inlet and outlet fittings are both 6.5mm OD – the inlet
fitting is on the end.
A good, solid pump that offers better than average performance.
1983 Volvo 760
The large body Volvo pump looks like it’ll offer serious performance. But
does it deliver?
Well, yes, this is another good pump – but it’s certainly not the
Operating at 14.2 volts and working with the Spraying Systems nozzle, our
particular pump sounded a bit strained and showed output pressure fluctuations –
between 30 and 34 psi. Running at maximum pressure, this pump flows water at a
rate of 205ml per minute.
Note that this particular pump took a moment to build up to maximum water
pressure. This probably explains why it didn’t take a big gulp of current on
start-up – it draws 3.4 amps from the moment you switch it on.
Manufactured by VDO, this pump is well-suited to ‘remote mounting’
applications thanks to its sturdy mounting bracket. A pair of 6mm OD hose
fittings is arranged side-by-side at the front of the pump. The main body of the
unit is 26mm diameter and around 84mm tall.
Not a bad choice if you want to mount the pump separately to the water
reservoir. You might be able to find one that offers more consistent performance
than the unit tested here.
1982 Holden Jackaroo
Our expectation that all 4WD vehicles use a high pressure/high flow
windscreen washer pump was dismissed with the Holden Jackaroo unit.
Hooked up to our test nozzle, the Jackaroo pump maxes out with an output
pressure of 27 psi – less than a garden-variety Magna or Hyundai pump. Operating
at full pressure for a minute it consumes just 175ml of water. The peak current
draw is 4.2 amps on start-up, settling back to 1.9 amps.
Note that, despite its rusty appearance, our Jackaroo pump sounded fine
during tests – these are representative pressure and flow figures. The
unit’s rusted appearance is a give-away that it uses a metal housing. Its
overall dimensions are 66mm tall and 30mm diameter, while the inlet and output
fittings are 10mm and 5mm OD respectively.
One to forget.
1971 Rambler Rebel
The Rambler Rebel pump looks and performs like the Holden Jackaroo pump – so
it’s nothing more than mediocre.
Connected to the Spraying Systems nozzle, the Rebel pump generates a maximum
output pressure of 26 psi. This gives a water flow rate of 170ml per minute.
Start-up current draw is 3.8 amps while the continuous draw is 2.1 amps.
The biggest difference to the Jackaroo pump is the Rambler’s large diameter
inlet fitting and different on-tank mounting arrangement. The Rebel pump is
mounted to the washer bottle using a threaded fitting fastened from the inside
of the tank. The inlet and outlet fittings measure 17 and 5mm OD respectively
and the pump body is 58mm tall and 29mm diameter.
Note that the Rambler Rebel’s windscreen washer pump and bottle appears to be
the same as fitted to certain 1970s Chrysler models.
But there’s no reason to go chasing it.
Nissan Terano (Headlight Washer Pump)
This is truly the big-banger of the group.
We’re told that this pump is part of the headlight washer system that was
fitted to the Japanese-market Nissan Terano 4WD (aka Pathfinder). With a body
measuring 140mm tall and 57mm diameter, the Terano headlight washer pump is one
serious bit of gear – much bigger than the other pumps. The water inlet fitting
is 8mm OD and the outlet is 5.5mm OD.
Connected to the Spraying Systems nozzle and operating at 14.2 volts, the
Terano pump generates a massive 55 psi output pressure. And, as you can imagine,
the water spray from the nozzle is beautifully atomised! Running at 55 psi, this
pump has a water flow rate of 290ml per minute – so you’ll likely need a large
capacity water reservoir.
Compared to the windscreen washer pumps, the Terrano headlight washer pump
generates considerably more noise and vibration. As a result, this unit is
factory equipped with rubber insulators on the mounting bracket to help reduce
the amount of vibration transmitted to the vehicle body. Keep this in mind when
you mount it in your car.
With such tremendous output, the Terano pump consumes a lot more power
than its windscreen washing rivals. Peak current draw on start-up is 12.5 amps,
while it draws 6.7 amps continuously.
It’s no wonder this unit has meaty power and earth wires!
This graph shows the maximum output pressure for each pump (click on it to enlarge).
As you can see, the maximum pressure for the majority of windscreen washer
pumps is in the vicinity of 20 – 30 psi. Only the woeful Ford EA pump falls
short of generating 20 psi. However, at the ‘business end’ of the graph there
are 4 pumps that generate in excess of 30 psi output pressure – the Volvo,
Mercedes, VT Commodore and Terano units. The two European pumps are a fairly
close match but the Holden VT Commodore pump is streets ahead with a maximum
output pressure of 38 psi. That’s a huge 137 percent advantage over the
lowest performing EA pump!
But the most eye-catching performer is the Nissan Terano headlight washer
pump. Generating a maximum output pressure of 55 psi, this monster delivers 244
percent greater pressure than the EA Falcon clunker. Stunning!
This graph shows the relationship between output pressure and water flow –
the greater the output pressure, the greater the water flow. As you can see, the
poor-to-average pumps can’t crack 200ml per minute but, again, the European and
VT Commodore units have no trouble. And that monster Terano pump? It flows a
massive 290ml per minute...
Our test reveals some clear winners.
The Holden VT Commodore windscreen washer pump is Number 1 amongst its
rivals. It offers the best performance in its class, it's relatively new, is
readily available and fits into a typical late-model washer bottle. You can’t go
The Mercedes and Volvo pumps also deserve a mention. These units offer less
performance than the VT pump but might be better suited to custom installations
not using a late-model washer bottle. Be aware that the performance of these
pumps may vary from example to example – these are old.
And the winner?
Well, for huge water flow and pressure you can’t go past a headlight washer
pump, such as fitted to the Nissan Terano. With an outlet pressure of 55 psi,
its right up there with the pump used in ‘upmarket’ intercooler spray
Take a bow.
Water Pump Prices?
We suggest that you shop around for the best price on a used windscreen
washer pump. Wreckers sometimes give them away (if you ask nicely!) while others
change up to AUD$10 each. Either way, it’s not likely to break the bank...
Note that a headlight washer pump – such as the Terano unit – will be more
difficult to source and will vary even more in price.
Go drive yourself a bargain!